Newsletter #12
January, 2005

Published by: Ed Schmidt
7307 Lindbergh Dr.  
St. Louis, MO 63117
to send Ed email - at his new email address, click here:
Feature articles, book reviews, and other items appearing in the newsletter come from you, our members. Such items and suggestions for the newsletter should be sent to the above address. Let Ed know if you have an area of expertise that is related to our mission so that your work can be included in a future issue.
Newsletter Issues
If you have not made a second round contribution to the newsletter, this would be a good time to do so. Contributions are voluntary and generally range from $5 to $100, with most in the $20 to $25 range. The cost associated with each issue is about $250. Checks sent to the above address should be made out to Ed Schmidt.
In addition to the latest Newsletter, this website features information about Dar-05 (schedule, registrants, other likely attendees), Newsletter 11 and an addendum to it and members' pictures from Kampala-03.

Send any material for the website, or suggested improvements, to TEAA webmaster Henry Hamburger, by clicking on his email address here:
Note: Underlined `Contents' items are clickable.

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Comments from the Steering Committee Chair
and Planner of Dar-05

Brooks Goddard
Jambo and habari gani,

I assume that more of you have reached stage 1 of retirement and are looking for some way to reengage with Africa, especially East Africa. Our trip Kampala 03 was a great success for the 30 of us who went, and I hope that Dar 05 will be a similar treat. Do sign up by emailing me right away, at

The new year has begun with making final our plans for Dar 05. As you can see from the website, we shall start with an "add on" trip to Zanzibar for those so interested. On the island at that time will be the Festival of the Dhow Countries. We are booking a hotel in Stone Town, and the beach types can go east if they wish.

We shall all convene in Dar on July 10 in preparation for our conference on the 11th and 12th, which will be followed by 3 days of school visits (if your former school is within bus distance of Dar, write them now and tell them you're coming on the 13th). We reconvene in Dar on the 15th to share perceptions and then go to Lushoto for the 16th, to Moshi for the 17th and 18th with school visits, to Arusha on the 19th via Arusha National Park, school visits in the Arusha area on the 20th, and a final discussion of perceptions, thoughts, and ideas for future TEAA projects/activities on the 20th.

On the 21st folks are free to do whatever. I hope that some people will go to Bungoma in western Kenya to visit our supported school there and some to Kampala for a similar purpose. We have some contacts for those of you who want a safari at the end; the more who decide to go together, the cheaper your trip will be.

This trip has been planned to make a special opportunity for those of you connected most to Tanzania, and I hope you all will make a positive response to this appeal. TEAA really does want to create a partnership with a secondary school in each country. We shall use Dar 05 to find such a school in TZ.

We currently have an interest list of 33 travelers. Half that have sent their $400 down payment to Henry Hamburger. Now is the time for the rest of you and newcomers to send that money in, to:

Henry Hamburger
6400 Wynkoop Blvd.
Bethesda, MD 20817-5934
Checks payable to TEAA.

We are so sure of our commitments to East Africa that we are opening a bank account in Kampala where trusty Fawn Cousens can keep watch over it.

I close with a reiteration: Now is the time to get involved with TEAA.
Salaama, Brooks Goddard

[Individuals who have signed up are also e-talking about game safaris and trips to Mts. Meru and Kenya. From Ann Dickinson : Carol Heath and I are planning the Mwanza trip now and she'll be emailing you with some questions. Anyone can contact us if s/he wants to come to Mwanza. - Ed]

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An American Abroad
Harold Scheub (1C)
[ Harold Scheub is Evjue-Bascom Professor of Humanities at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He has taught and conducted research in eastern and southern Africa, and has authored a number of books, including The Tongue Is Fire, Secret Fire, Story, A Dictionary of African Mythology: The Mythmaker as Storyteller, and The Poem in the Story. He has spent ten years in Africa. He has been on the faculty of the University of Wisconsin since 1970. He is in the Department of African Languages and Literature and teaches courses in African oral and literary traditions.]
It is not an overstatement to say that Teachers for East Africa changed my life, in many, many ways. I had been in the Air Force for four years and never got to travel as much as I would have liked. So, after I got my BA and MA at the University of Michigan, I decided to take a break before working on my PhD. I heard about TEA, a two-year teaching project that would involve teaching in a high school in East Africa a year before independence and a year after, and I leapt at the opportunity. I had always been fascinated by the continent of Africa but never thought that it would become such an integral part of my life.

The New York Times, on June 29, 1961, editorialized: "The International Cooperation Administration last January asked Teachers College, Columbia University, to select a group of highly qualified Americans to be trained as teachers in East Africa. The stress was on careful screening and special training both here and at the center of East African training, Makerere College in Uganda." The editorial went on, "The response was gratifying: more than 1,000 potential teachers applied. After tests and interviews, 160 were selected. They are now assembled at Teachers College, ready to prepare for their vital task. This is a constructive, businesslike way of handling one of the most important missions of foreign aid. Of all of sub-Saharan Africa's needs, trained teachers for secondary education are probably the most urgent; for of all of Africa's potential resources now being wasted, the human resource is the greatest." Before we left the US, in June of 1961, at Columbia, a lecture by the Rev. James Robinson, director of Operations Crossroads, told us to do our homework, to know the country we were visiting and its policies. On July 12, 1961, the night before we were to leave New York, I wrote, "My last night in New York, and I find myself filled with the inevitable mixed emotions about the flight to Africa which begins tomorrow night at 9. ... This is really what I have wanted to do for a very long time, and it's almost impossible that it should be happening right now, to me! I can't express the feeling of anticipation and excitement I am feeling tonight. It's a new world and a rich new experience, it's the realization of a dream, and I must admit it, it still seems like a dream." I remember a young Julius Nyerere at the air terminal in New York just before we took off for Africa. On July 12, 1961, I wrote, "Prime Minister Nyerere of Tanganyika told us tonight, we must actually be there to know what it's like." And there was a telegram from President Kennedy on July 12, 1961: "I wish to extend to each of you my congratulations on your selection to participate in this precedent-setting project to supply American secondary teachers for East Africa."

Uganda altered me utterly. I could hear and feel the stereotypes breaking day after day, as I came to know the people of Bunyoro and my students at Masindi Senior Secondary School. The country was magnificent, the people were warm and friendly, the students eager to learn. There were three teachers at Masindi Senior Secondary School when I arrived there. I taught things I would never have dreamed of teaching, along with English. I was the soccer coach, and the students had to teach me the game. Along with my love of the classroom, I moved about a lot in Karamoja, to the rain forest, the Ruwenzori Mountains, to Murchison Falls and Lake Albert, to Arua and Soroti. I loved my teaching experience. The students were splendid, eager learners. With the help of various people and groups in the United States, I was able to build a library at the school. And we engaged in various projects, including drama. I remember directing Macbeth: In April, 1963, "Macbeth came off very well; we really had a wonderful time with it, and the introduction of Shakespeare into the kingdom of Bunyoro was totally successful. We had quite an audience of dignitaries the last night of the play, including the Katikiro of Bunyoro (sort of the prime minister of the kingdom) and the District Commission of Bunyoro?all were mightily impressed and thirty of our boys have become inveterate hams?like their teacher!" I remember going to Mbarara to mark Junior Secondary School Leaving Examinations, accompanying the school soccer and hockey teams to Gulu on April 13, 1962. And I recall seeing the Nile River for the first time, in October, 1961, at Karuma Falls. It was a busy time, but there were brief reminders from the United States: listening in 1961 to the Michigan-Army game on the Armed Forces network until it was drowned out by static, in late October, 1962, listening to the BBC reports on the Cuban missile crisis, a telegram that I received from a friend in Ann Arbor whose wife just had a baby: "It's a boy. Send impala!"

I remember when independence came to Uganda. Kenneth Onen wrote this poem about "Uganda Independence" the week before independence: "October ninth, Uhuru Day:/The day on which we shall be free!/Ugandans raise their flag with joy,/And this will be our history./The land which all the nations praise,/A land of trees and useful lakes,/A land of black and fertile soil:/Oh, land of peace which none can take!" A note that I wrote: "The boys are learning the lines of their new National Anthem, and hundreds of small, striped, black and red and yellow flags are beginning to crop up all over the countryside, in car windows, etc. It looks as if it will be a quiet independence day." On October 9, 1962, I went to Hoima with another teacher and with twenty boys from Masindi Senior Secondary School for independence day celebrations, joining about 5,000 people there. There were traditional dances, soccer matches, the Declaration of Independence was read, and the school girls sang the National Anthem: "Oh Uganda, thy people praise thee,/We lay our future in thy hand,/United, free/For liberty,/Together we'll always stand." At midnight, the British Union Jack was lowered, and the six red, yellow, and black stripes of Uganda's new flag went up. A bonfire was lit nearby and on the top of a small mountain in the distance, and there were fireworks. I remember the apprehension of Asians in the area as independence came. There were Europeans at the Hoima celebration. The British mainly stayed at home that day. Or had their own celebrations ("wakes," as Peter Nelson, Masindi's tsetse fly control man, called them). The flag was raised at Masindi Senior Secondary School, and a mvule tree was planted by Mr. Kaduyu, the new District Commissioner. Wabwire, a school boy, was in charge of the mvule tree, and he earned the indignation of the headmaster when, shortly before the ceremony, he broke the tip off the tree. Kanuge, a boy in S-1, played an African drum as the flag was raised by two of the S-3 boys, Balemesa and Kazimbiraine. Dinner that night consisted of matoke, beef, soup, Pepsi-Cola, and bananas. Some of the boys gave independence day speeches?the saying, Uhuru na kazi, freedom with work, repeated often. The school's Art Society had a contest, and Akena's portrait of Milton Obote, the prime minister, won first place. A debate was held, "Will Independence bring disadvantages to Uganda?" And the headmaster gave a speech about the meaning of freedom. Mugisa in S-2 told the boys that they should not go into politics just to become rich but that greater humanitarian concerns should trigger this decision. In a letter on March 26, 1963, I wrote, "...the time has gone by much too rapidly, and, as wretched as some of the British have been in Masindi, I have no regrets ? this has been, in many ways, the most interesting and exciting thing I've done yet. The people of Bunyoro and the boys at school have made themselves so much a part of me that I'll hate to leave."

The students were generous when, after two years, I returned to the United States. In the school paper, "Masindi," Vol. III, No. 4 (1 August 1963), on page 3, a student, C. K. Mugisa, wrote, "Two years ago we welcomed Mr. Scheub to this school as our first American teacher. It was wonderful to see how quickly he got used to us and we to him. He is one of the few people who are both good teachers and intimate friends." And in the farewell address: "Mr. Scheub has become an essential part of our life and his departure is not only affecting Masindi School but is a factor which has great effect on the whole of Uganda. Visibly, we appear as we are, but in fact Mr. Scheub's departure has caused incurable sickness in the whole school. Let alone the fact that Mr. Scheub was a Form Master of the top form, he was also the Deputy Headmaster from 1961 up to the beginning of this year. Ever since he came to this School, he has been the School English Master, in both English language and English literature. He was only relieved from this work in the third term last year when the Headmaster took some of the heavy load off his back. It is not only the fact that Mr. Scheub is a university lecturer and not a secondary school master that has made his teaching at Masindi School so effective, but it is also because he is a born teacher with almost incomparable talents and the energy that he puts in. At the present moment, Masindi School is one of the few schools in Uganda which are well off in both spoken and written English. This fact is true mainly because of Mr. Scheub's valuable work." This meant much to me.

My TEA experience changed my life completely. While in Uganda, I learned how deeply rich the oral tradition was, heard stories and histories, and something began to form, quickly, in my mind. Because my interests as a university student were the oral traditions of the English people, I decided that when I would return to the United States I would change my major to African Languages and Literature. That brought me to the University of Wisconsin-Madison, which had the only degree-granting Department of African Languages and Literature in the United States. While there, I studied with and fell under the influence of one of Africa's greatest writers, Professor A. C. Jordan, author of the Xhosa masterpiece, Ingqumbo Yeminyanya. He taught me the Xhosa language, and got me interested in doing research in southern Africa. I had initially hoped to return to Uganda, but the struggle between Milton Obote and Idi Amin made that impossible. I was not keen to conduct research into the oral traditions of South Africa because apartheid was then at its zenith. But Professor Jordan, himself a political exile from South Africa, insisted that I do so, arguing that I could never teach courses about apartheid and South African oral traditions if I did not go there. In the event, it was the best thing I could have done. I crisscrossed the country, collecting some 9,000 pieces of oral story, epic, history, and poetry among the Xhosa, the Zulu, Swati, and, in the southern part of Zimbabwe, among the Ndebele. I have spent ten years in Africa, two in Uganda, the other eight in southern Africa. During four of those years, a year each time, I walked up and down the southeastern coast of the continent, fifteen hundred miles during each of those wonderful years, never using a car, working without translators and interpreters. After Xhosa, I mastered Zulu, Swati, and Ndebele languages, and would work in eight South African languages over the years. Among the storytellers I met was the magnificent Xhosa performer, Nongenile Masithathu Zenani, a woman who was to become the closest friend I have ever had.

From the 1950s until late in the 1980s, I spent a great part of my life on airplanes and in air terminals. I was a jet mechanic in the United States Air Force from 1951 until 1955. Inevitably, there would be adventure caused by air travel. On July 17, 1961, the Uganda Argus wrote, "A super constellation of Capitol Airlines, of New York, started her long flight from New York's La Guardia airfield and flew direct to Santa Maria airfield near Lisbon, a single hop of nearly 4,000 miles. She took off for Kano, where as the pilot brought the aircraft in to land, one of the port tyres burst." We arrived in Kano at three in the morning of July 16, 1961: the airline had to fly the tire in from Portugal. We were granted permission to go to the "old city" of Kano, we saw the mosque and were given permission, after some discussion, by "the master," a very old man colorfully dressed who reclined under a tree in front of the big, green-domed structure, to ascend one of the two high towers of the mosque. We went to the caswa, the market place, and I remember the dye pits. And then, there was Cuba. January, 1971, he has a bomb in his briefcase. The young man boards the Northwest Airlines 727 plane in Milwaukee. I am flying to Detroit to visit friends in Ann Arbor. And he sits on the floor just in front of the door leading to the cockpit. The plane is packed, a lot of children, along with business people, tourists, others hurrying to get somewhere. He sits there, staring down the aisle at the rest of us; we are perplexed, nervous?what is he doing there in front of the pilot's door, anyway? He holds the briefcase tightly to his side. Then, as we near Detroit, the pilot speaks on the intercom: the man is a hijacker, he wants to commandeer the plane and fly to Algeria. The pilot has talked him out of that, telling him that a crowded 727 airplane will not make it to Algeria. So we are going to Cuba. The plane lands in Detroit, taxies to a remote part of the air terminal where we refuel within a vortex composed of what seem to be hundreds of flashing red lights, police everywhere. No one is allowed to get off the plane?everyone, including children, are hostages. At last, we are again airborne, and the interior of the plane is utterly, eerily, silent?the young man like a statue with his bomb, the people staring not at him, just staring...quiet. The plane lands at Jose Marti air terminal in Havana, and men dressed in Castro-type army fatigues board the plane and escort the hijacker off. Then the 727 taxies to the air terminal, we deplane, Swiss television is there filming us as we stream into the air terminal to have something to eat, and to learn what is to happen next. We are there for thirteen agonizing hours, are told that Fidel Castro himself will make the decision as to our fate. Finally, unexpectedly, improbably, we are granted permission to depart, and, after the plane is refueled, we are flown to Miami—where we are met by FBI agents who immediately take from us all the Cuban cigars and rum that we have purchased in Cuba.
[Both 1A and 1C were on the flight that was delayed in Kano with the flat tire. On the same flight the air conditioning was inadequate over the Sahara. The stewardesses chided us for migrating to the back of the plane where it was cooler because the pilot was having trouble controlling the plane with the inappropriate weight distribution. -Ed]

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Preparing for School Leaving Exams
Harry Stein
[Harry Stein was spent his TEA years, '63-'66, at Kapsabet Boys High School, Rift Valley Province. From '66-'73, he worked for the United Nations managing high schools in Africa for refugees. ]
In June and July, 2004, I was invited by the Government of Kenya through Headmaster Associations in Nandi, Uasin Gishu, and Keio/Marakwet districts to meet with form 4 students and faculty. I also worked with 8 high schools in the Nairobi area.The theme was learning and teaching with the goal of improving memory and organized retention. The examination system we encountered in the 1960s remains in a nationalized version. After four years learning 12-15 subjects, students take three to four weeks of examinations. Clearly, retention is the critical factor in examination preparation and study. The workshops with students and faculty centered on how in each course both students and teacher could learn and teach with memory as a critical goal. Many techniques were discussed and evaluated in the theme: how can each class in each year in each subject become a paper video and audio tape which students can "replay" when they begin examination study for their mock finals in June and again in October/November of Form 4 before the O levels.

My role was twofold. I met with 5000+ form 4 students on methods to prepare for their examinations which would use memory forms of learning. I also worked with perhaps 1000+ faculty on teaching strategies and note-making tactics to teach and learn in ways that create retention. Learning in Form I naturally decays by Form IV unless at the point of original learning methods and materials are used in all subjects which literally turn a class into a written video and audio tape which can be reviewed and reheard four years later.

Nowadays, the government offers no A level courses. The system is now 8-4-4. What we used to call O levels occurs at the end of Form 4. A levels exist in Uganda. Kenyans take A levels privately or in private colleges to shine their credentials for colleges. In 2003 132,000 took the form 4 exam. The scoring system deemed 34,000 eligible for Kenyan universities. There are 11 universities, 6 public and 5 private. I was told that roughly 15 to 17 thousand secondary school graduates were absorbed in Kenyan universities. Many, many stories can be told about the others.

The number of secondary schools is beyond comprehension given our experiences in the 1960s. In those days Nandi district had 3 schools, one for boys and two for girls. Now, there are over 100. There are now 4200 institutions in Kenya doing O level. With this massive expansion of opportunity come schools of uncertain and varying quality. About 50 percent of all eligible standard 8 students go into Form I.

When I return in 2006, my goal is to work with a leader in each high school in certain districts to consolidate these ideas. I hope to act as a permanent turnkey person for each school.

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Teachers for East Africa Alumni Projects
compiled by Emilee Hines Cantieri,
TEAA Projects Liaison
Teachers for East Africa Alumni (TEAA) is a non-profit organization whose objectives are (I) support for education in the East African nations of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, (II) communication among ourselves, including reunions, and (III) gathering, maintaining, creating and disseminating expertise and archival material pertaining to T/E/EA and its original mission and activities.
I. Support for Education in EA

A. Procedural matters

1. TEAA is incorporated in the state of Maryland

2. TEAA has federal 503(c)3 status, meaning that donations are tax deductible. Thanks to the persistent efforts of Henry Hamburger, our treasurer, and Joe Malloy, who is now an attorney, TEAA is a 501c3 tax exempt org, effective March 2003! Contributions to TEAA will go to supporting secondary schools that we have selected in Uganda and Kenya, and a school in Tanzania which is expected to be identified by the Dar05 group next summer. Checks should be made out to TEAA and sent to: Henry Hamburger, 6400 Wynkoop Blvd, Bethesda, MD, 20817-5934. Henry can also be reached at and 301-320-4350.

3. Include TEAA in your will. At least one TEAA member has designated TEAA as a beneficiary in her will.

B. TEAA grants

1. Nov 03: Brooks Goddard requested that $250 be spent on copies of "English for Life" books for Uganda Schools.

2. Apr 04: Brooks Goddard requested $500 to be sent to ACCES(African Canadian Continuing Education Society) at Kakamega, Kenya, to pay for blackboards and school supplies. These are to be used in their Literacy for All program.

3. Aug 04: Henry Hamburger requested $1600 to pay for 3 computers for MacKay College in Nateete, Uganda, as well as instructional manuals and $100 for an instructor to travel to another school to learn up-to-date computer applications.

4. Oct 04: Ed Schmidt and Henry Hamburger requested $500 TEAA money, to be matched by a $500 donation, to equip physics, biology, and chemistry labs at Mukuyu Secondary School in Kenya.

C. TEAA pass-through grants

1. Aug 03: Arlone Child proposed making a $2,000 donation to provide 14 scholarships to MacKay College in Nateete, Uganda, for capable students unable to pay their tuition.

2. July 04: Kate Parry received a $3650 grant from the 1% for Development Fund of the United Nations, for solar panels at Kitengesa Community Library in Uganda.

3. Oct. 04: Larry Olds requested $1,000 to ship new and donated books to the African Institute of Social Development in Uganda, to pay for the purchase of new books and to pay 10 percent royalties to authors for portions of books to be photocopied more cheaply in Uganda.

D. TEAA member projects

1. May 04: Ron and Keith Schuchard accompany a group from Emory College to Meru School in Kenya to donate 20 computers and a set of encyclopedias.

E. Personal visits

2. Feb 04: Pat Gill to UG

3. May 04: Ron and Keith Schuchard to Meru, KE

4. June 04: Henry Hamburger to UG and KE

5. July 04: Bill Jones to KE

II. Communication and reunions

A. Website. was created in October of 2001 by Henry Hamburger who has refined it ever since.

B. Newsletters. Ed Schmidt started the Newsletter in September of 1999. He continues to produce it semi-annually with funding from TEAA members. Newsletters are generally produced in January and July.

C. Directories. Ed Schmidt started compiling the directory in April 1999. He is attempting to account for all people who served in any capacity in TEA and TEEA. Directories list active members, UK members, and deceased. Current information is always appreciated: .

D. Reunions. There have been two: DC01 and EA03. DAR05 is being planned for July.

III. Gathering archival material

A. DC 01

B. The TEA Experience, edited by Judith Lindfors

C. A Teaching Safari by Raymond Gold

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MacKay College Update
Gene and Arlone Child, Gertrude Ssekabira and Fawn Cousens
Gene and Arlone Childs held their second scholarship fund dinner in October. The money raised goes to scholarships for students at Mackay College, a secondary school near Kampala. Notes from Gene and Arlone state, "We raised about $1500 with our dinner for Mackay scholarships. Even the irio was praised by some of the 26 folks who attended even though it is not one of my favorite foods. We have pledged $2000 to this project. The staff at Mackay voted to give half-scholarships, thereby doubling the number of students who would be accepted. All but eight of the students were able to come up with the other half, about $70. Gertrude [the principal] said those 8 students would not be dismissed if their academic standing was good enough. Of the 28 students accepted, 20 are Form I (freshmen), eight are upperclassmen, 50 percent are female. Of the 28 students on our scholarships, five are orphans, six have no father. We are hoping to raise an additional $1000. Let's find more good things to support!" Ticket price for the dinner is $30, but many give more.

MacKay is a government aided school. This means they receive teacher stipends according to their enrollment. For a beginning teacher it is $75 a month. With experience and additional education they can earn up to $200. Administrators can earn up to $400 a month. In comparison, Gayaza Girls High School, where the fees are $600, the government aid is the same, but the teachers are furnished small houses on the school grounds. Although Mackay was established by the Anglicans in 1967 and they still own the property, since 1980 the secondary school receives little support from the church and in fact pays rent. Gertrude is appointed by the Archbishop. Primary schooling is universal and students pay only incidental fees.

Gertrude brings hope to MacKay. This is her fourth year as headmistress. She said the morale of the school was very low when she came. The school had been vandalized, so she put bars on the windows. She gives her staff the opportunity to participate in "collaborative decision making." Before Idi Amin came to power she was an art teacher. She said he had little appreciation for the arts, so during his eight years as "President" she made meat pies to supplement her income from teaching. When I asked Gertrude what improvements she would like for her school, she said, "replace leaking roofs, improve water and sanitation system, a well furnished staff room and neat classrooms."

Gene and Arlone Child,
504 Creekside Court,
Golden, CO 80403-1903
Gertrude's letter expresses her appreciation:
Dear Arlone,

It was of great excitement to receive the tuition fees for first term plus $100 for administering the scholarship. May I express my sincere gratitude to you on behalf of the pupils. May God bless you mightily. Pat Gill, together with Fawn Cousens, visited the school and talked to the selected students They were happy, but challenged, when they were told how you raise the funds and it gave them motivation to work even harder.... May the Lord grant you more strength, even when you turn 70. May he grant you wisdom and blessings the rest of your life.

Gertrude Ssekabira, Headmistress
New Computers Installed at MacKay
Fawn Cousens,
Arrived at Mackay College to see the new computers being installed and noticed a video camera with operator and a number of cars. Gertrude greeted me and invited me into the office where the Chairman was waiting: here was Senteza Kajubi. We then went to one of the rooms for the handing over ceremony. Needless to say TEAA received much praise for all its good works. I spoke and told the students and teachers assembled that they were fortunate to have such a dynamic head teacher to have impressed the TEAAers that their donations would be well looked after and used.

The cameraman was from Uganda Television (UTV) and he said this will be aired tonight on the English news at 8 pm and 10 pm - so I will be watching. The school now has 8 computers, and ours are side by side on one wall. Gertrude reckons to start off by having computer clubs for those most interested in learning to use the computers.

I also met with some of the scholarship students who are doing very well. One of the boys came first in the class, and a girl who arrived near the end of term had already caught up and was performing well. A good morning and lots of thanks to TEAA - and God. Kind regards, Fawn

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Carol Sicherman,
[See background on Sicherman in the Books section.]
Kenyan author Ngugi wa Thiong'o and his wife, Njeeri, went to Kenya in August 2004, finally making good on his implied promise to set foot on native ground once the Moi government was out. The particular stimulus was the launch of his new gigantic novel in Gikuyu. He was in constant movement not only in Kenya but in Tanzania and Uganda--private family events, public lectures.

They went to Kampala, where he gave a couple of lectures and was rapturously received at Makerere. Goretti Kyumuhendo told me that the government assigned several security people to be with him at all times, something that evidently had not been done in Kenya. The night that they returned to Kenya, a relative of his first wife visited them in their apt. in Norfolk Towers (not far from the U of Nairobi) to discuss a big forthcoming family party. As he was leaving around 11:30 pm, several men burst in and attacked them viciously. Njeeri was raped. Ngugi was tortured with burning cigarettes. They took his laptop and some cash. Curiously enough, the watchmen seemed not to notice, and their dogs were tied up. The attack was quickly reported and they were taken to the hospital, where Njeeri remained for some days. He gave a press conference a couple of days later when he was released, describing what had happened to him and saying that she had been assaulted. She very bravely gave a press conference at the hospital in which she said explicitly that she had been raped. Several watchmen were arrested and charged with the crime and so, surprisingly, was the relative who had been visiting. The police said that he had been in contact with the watchmen by cell phone.

A few weeks ago they returned to Kenya as promised to testify at the trial. The trial has now been delayed. It seems the Kibaki government has betrayed the hopes of the people who voted it in. If they cover up whoever is in back of the attack, well, that's it for that bunch. To tell the truth, I can't begin to grasp what politicians would want to dissuade Ngugi from being in Kenya, the implied purpose of the attack. But Kenyan politics, particularly the ethnic dimension that suffuses everything, is way beyond my comprehension.

Ngugi is on the faculty at the University of California at Irvine. A Ngugi Solidarity Committee is asking that letters of support be sent to selected Kenyan officials. Contact them for additional information:

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Betty Castor and the Florida Senate Race - An Update.
Betty Castor (Elizabeth Bowe 3C) won the Democratic primary in Florida's U.S. Senate race last August, only to lose to her Republican opponent in the general election in November. Sam Bell, Betty's husband, reports that she is taking some time to unwind and relax before deciding what comes next.

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Want to Teach in Tanzania?
Brooks Goddard
I recently heard Gertrude Mongella speak at Boston University. In speaking to her afterwards I asked if she had been taught by any TEA teacher; she said, no, only by Maryknoll Sisters. But that she is looking for teachers on the Tanzanian island of Ukewere in Lake Victoria. I said, well, maybe we can help. Mongella is a major Tanzanian and African politician. Click here to read her bio. She is president of the Pan-African Parliament which is a section of the African Union. I found out that all deliberations in the AU are conducted in Swahili. If you have any interest in teaching on Ukewere, please let me know.

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Book Notes
BECOMING AN AFRICAN UNIVERSITY: MAKERERE 1922-2000, by Carol Sicherman. Brooks made contact with the author recently. She is a professor emerita of English, Lehman College, City University of New York and she has written two books and several articles on the Ngugi wa Thiong'o, the Kenyan writer. Quoting a blurb from the publisher, "This book ... tells the story of Makerere's beginnings, its efflorescence during the 1950s and 1960s, its calamitous decline during nearly two decades of tyranny and civil war, and its resurgence following the restoration of peace and relative stability." More about the book can be found by "googling" the title. Available from: African World Press, PO Box 1892, Trenton, NJ 08607, 609-695-3200,, Cost is $34.95 plus $5.50 shipping in the US, $11 to UK. -Ed Schmidt

THE FULL CUPBOARD OF LIFE, by Alexander McCall Smith. Faithful readers of Alexander McCall Smith's charming series featuring the No. 1 Ladies' Detective Agency will get exactly what they are expecting from his latest novel, THE FULL CUPBOARD OF LIFE. In fact, these fulfilled expectations make the reading a little disappointing. The charm of his earlier books is found in the small, surprising revelations about Botswana customs and the quirky points of etiquette which are dear to heroine Precious Ramotswe as well as to those Africa-philes among the readers. In this 2003 work McCall Smith uses the same formula to amuse us in his low-key style, but he has perhaps used up his store of eccentric observations in the first four volumes.

The story is engaging as long as one has not grown tired of reading catch phrases such as "traditionally built lady" and "tiny white van" which are a trademark of the series. Non-critical readers will enjoy Mma Ramotswe's intuitive way of dealing with the difficult cases which come to her detective agency. As usual, the thorniest mysteries are traceable to the vagaries and caprices of human nature.

Since a major plot thread of the series is tied up in this volume, it may be that McCall Smith has also decided that the story has run its course. -Betsey Anderson

SNAKEPIT, by Moses Isegawa, author of the much acclaimed first novel, Abyssinian Chronicles. This second novel is set in the Amin decade of the 1970s. Bat Katanga is a Ugandan just returned to his homeland after two years in Britain where he had gone for further studies. A position in one of the ministries puts him in a position of power where he functions as an able administrator until tempted by a lucrative bribe. The novel is steeped in the corruption, paranoia, power politics and violence of the Amin years. This novel does not seem to be grounded in personal experience to the same extent as was "Chronicles" with its description of life in a Catholic boarding school run by an order of brothers, but those who are interested in this dark period in Uganda's past may enjoy the read. -Ed Schmidt

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TEAA Members Publish
Edward Hower (TEA 1963-66) will publish his ninth book, THE STORMS OF MAY, a novel, in April 2005 (Ontario Review Press, Princeton, available on Amazon, etc). Its story centers around a returned PCV couple trying to run a group home for five delinquent girls in a gritty suburb of New York City.

Larry W. Thomas. I've published two new booklets recently, both available through me at  They are The Autobiography of William Shakespeare ($10)--some literary hanky-panky and spoof.  And a chapbook of northern woods poetry, Beyond the Bridge ($14).  The only connection between these and TEA/TEEA is that I wrote the Shakespeare book in Uganda.

Louis Mihalyi. My Tropical African Presentations, i.e., slides with sound narration, are available on the internet. Topics include: "Copper mining in Zambia", (providing 93% of the total GNP); "Ash Circle Cultivation of the Bemba in Zambia"; "Charcoal Making in Zambia"; "Logging of Rhodesian Teak in Zambia"; "Fishing in Zambia"; and others. After TEEA I was appointed Chair of the Department of Earth Sciences at the University of Zambia at Lusaka, 1971-1973. By tradition, such an honor is seldom awarded at a British University to an "outsider." Moreover, my doctoral dissertation was based entirely on official German Documentation during the colonial period in German East Africa [Tanzania], one of the very few documents available to the vast majority of those who do not have the proper command of German. To access the Tropical African presentations, with sound, go on the web: . It is necessary that you have the latest version of Windows Media Player 9 to view the slide presentation. There is a link on that will take you to the Windows site where you may download the latest version of Windows Media Player 9 free of charge. For the Mac systems, you must have OSX to download this software.

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We've Heard from You -- The Mail Bag
Jack Humbles. November: I've had a setback. I was doing well and was walking (more like jumping like a chicken) without crutches, had started classes in Swahili at Ohio U., living alone, etc. Something happened and suddenly there was a small hole in my ankle going all the way to the bone. ... I see the doctor tomorrow. Last time I saw him, he said no weight on the foot for 2-3 months. Most of this month I have been at my brother's house in Indiana, but if all goes well, I would like to get back to Athens [Ohio] for part of December.

January: I'm still in Indiana but hope to return to Ohio the first of February. I'm up to about 30 minutes a day without crutches but hope to extend that rapidly over the next few weeks. If I can possibly make it, I will try to see you all in Dar in July. Jack

Lois Carwile. Am considering going on the trip to EA, if I can arrange an extension to Uganda. I keep busy at the zoo, particularly with our new baby giraffe who needs constant guarding by docents to keep people away from him in the nursery. Regards, Lois

Brooks Goddard. I have just returned from a short trip in early January to the Sudan to see Nubian antiquities. I came back with notions in two categories: visiting ruins and the Sudan reassessed. In the first category, I had an absolutely wonderful time camping in the desert for 9 nights and seeing every major ruin between Khartoum and the third cataract. We saw two active digs: one at Old Dongola in an 11th century monastery and one at Dukki Gel with Charles Bonnet near Kerma. We had an hour and a half conversation with Bonnet, who is the preeminent archeologist in the country. We saw Jebel Barkal, the center of Napata, and the Royal Pyramids at Meroe. We drove across three deserts, drank well water throughout, and even visited a girls secondary school in Delgo. If you are curious, I have a CD of pix I can send you. Khartoum is not an exciting place, but I did enjoy the National Museum (the best stuff was in London, though) and the souk in Omdurman. The weather was delightful throughout and cold nights in the desert. In the second category, I found people to be equally wonderful and very welcoming. The State Dept might have thought there is a safety issue, but it certainly wasn't evident to me. I felt very safe everywhere. It occurred to me that the US government has demonized the Sudan government, and the reverse, while the people of each country are equally congenial. Fortunately, I traveled with two academics who are Arabic speakers and so had access to matters that I might not have had ordinarily. Additionally, I came to realize just how "constructed" the country is: there really is a north different from the south and a west different from both. It was a thrill to be in the country when a peace was signed. In Khartoum I stayed at the legendary Acropole Hotel, a great 2 star place run by Greek brothers. I supped in the same room as the Bishop of Canterbury. In short, I received an education in Nubian ruins and the on-going ironies of world politics.

Shelby Lewis . Dear TEAers, The Forum for African Women Educationalists (FAWU) - Uganda Chapter, is planning to establish Africa's Women's University of Science and Technology at the site of Tororo Girls' School. The ground-breaking ceremony for the university is planned for February-March 2005. It is to coincide with FAWE's Annual Sarah Ntiro Lecture. I have been asked to serve as the North American Contact for this exciting initiative and I am inviting all of you to join our efforts to promote and support the new university through fundraising, publicity, and links with American organizations, universities and groups. Please share your views on the possibility of establishing an annual or biannual TEA scholarship for the university. Your comments and suggestions are welcome.

Larry Olds An opportunity for TEAA collaboration at a primary ttc in Uganda. During my June trip to Uganda I was hosted in Kampala before and after the conference I attended by Peter and Josephine Lubwama. Josephine is the principal of St. Noa Mawaggali Busuubizi Primary Teachers' College about 40 miles west of Kampala. She is very interested in collaborations with TEAA. One area in particular, but I'm sure not the only one, in which she expressed interest was peace and conflict resolution curriculum. I am sending her a few books on peace education recommended to me by a friend who is the director of a non-profit, Growing Communities for Peace, and who is also a consultant who works with teachers in the area. More is certainly possible and the collaboration could take other directions depending on your interest.If you are interested in exploring a relationship please contact Josephine Lubwama, Principal, St. Noa Mawaggali Busuubizi Primary Teachers' College, P.O. Box 5, Mityana, Uganda. Her mobile phone is 077-408979. She could also be reached via her husband's email .

Diana Nyangira. Want you to know I have a new address and phone number. My daughter and I are in the Chicago area. She's taken a teaching job at Kennedy-King College. She teaches English composition and African-American Literature. Our contact info is: 1656-A Dover Ct., Wheaton, IL 60187; (630) 407--0829. Thanks! Diana (Graham) Nyangira

Jim Gilson, Quality Schools International. We have the enrollment data in from all 28 schools for the end of November 2004. The average number of students per QSI school is at an all time high, 79.0. It is encouraging to see QSI growing and providing a caring education to our students in 22 different countries, especially in these times of wars and world turmoil.

Our school in Phuket has about 100 students. We will lose a few students due to the economic fallout of the tsunami, but probably not more than a half dozen or so. We did lose one parent. The mother of one of our students was lost in the tsunami. The father is moving to Bangkok, so we will lose the girl from our school. Our school is located inland so was not touched by the tsunami. Some of our parents, however, are in the tourist business and lost their businesses that were along the coast. One of our teachers in the school had a close call but was not killed. QSI had about 30 teachers and family members on holiday in Phuket, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, India, and the south Yemen coast. We are happy to report that all are safe and accounted for.

Gary James. Hi Ed, I am still working as an independent contractor in the travel business. I help organize tours to various places for specialized groups. Mostly now I am working with a horticulturalist growing extremely rare plants, learning how to propagate them and then making them available to botanic gardens and collectors. So I manage to keep pretty busy.

I still have a few contacts in East Africa mostly through students whom I brought to this country for their university education. I haven't been back in East Africa for over ten years but have traveled recently in Madagascar and Ethiopia.

Ruby (Sentman) Thompson. Thank you so much for the newsletter. It was interesting to hear about all the progress that is being made in East Africa . My husband, J. Richard Sentman, and I with our three children were in the TEAA Program in 1967-69 in Kenya at Kenyatta College . He has since passed away and I have remarried but all of us remember those two years as a turning point in all our lives. I would love to hear from others who were there at that time.

Emilee Hines Cantieri. As some of you know, I have tried to figure out how to send money to get Machakos Teachers College online. If any of you have any suggestions, let me know. The sending money is easy; the hard part is getting them hooked up.

My news is mostly literary. During 2004 I sold 8 short stories to The Sun, and Warner Books has bought two of my historical romances, the first to be published in Dec. 2005 and the second 9 months later. Will be by Emilee Hines. Editors plan to change the titles. Right now I'm facing 12 pages of changes the editor wants me to make in the manuscript before I get the second advance payment. And I've begun 2005 by selling my first ever science-fiction short story. In 2005 PublishAmerica will be publishing EAST AFRICAN ODYSSEY, about my days with TEA. It is naturally personal, but a lot of us had similar experiences and reactions. Unfortunately, PubAm only allows 15 photos, and b&w at that, and we know Africa doesn't show up well in b&w--it's so gloriously colored. Meanwhile, IT HAPPENED IN VA is a little cash cow. Keeps churning out the royalties, even 3 years after publication.

On a trip to South Africa in Sept., I had dinner with a friend from Kenya 1961-63. He became a Kenya citizen, but now lives with his daughter in S.A.

Kay Strain and her husband Danny Borkowski will be departing Cyprus at the beginning of April. After visiting family and attending to some things in the US they will head for their new home (around the first of June) ... Javier Mina #62, Ajijic, Jalisco, 45920, Mexico. Tel: 52(country code)-376(area code)-766-2495. Their contact address in the US is 15011 Diana Lane, Houston, TX 77062, tel:281-218-6568. Their small house in Ajijic has an even smaller guest house ... and they hope the guest house will be used!

Wes Brewer -TEA 1961-63--Kapsabet Secondary School. Wes and his wife Juliet Havergal (they met and married while at Kapsabet) now live at the edge of the Rocky Mountains on forty acres of land that span Owl Canyon with great views of Pikes Peak and the high plains twenty miles west of Pueblo, Colorado. Juliet worked at the District Education Office in Kapsabet for Shadrack Kimalel. The Brewers have six daughters and a son and are expecting the arrival of their 22nd grandchild in a few months. Wes is teaching at a Charter School in Canyon City, and Juliet is working with Alzheimer patients at the Colorado Veterans Home in Florence. They both remember with great fondness their colleagues at Kapsabet, Barry Packard, Bill Jones, John Allen, and Bill Mahlke. Bill Mahlke, now deceased, was best man at Wes and Julie's wedding and was the Godfather of their first daughter, who was born in Eldoret, Kenya. What an exciting time to have been in Kenya.

Mabel Lee. Hi Ed, Just wanted you to know that I finally got a chance to visit my first African home (Mwanza) during the holidays. What a joy to see 38 years of progress! I left Butimba T.T. C. in '66. I had a chance to visit not only my former college but also Bwiru where lots of my friends were posted at the secondary schools. I'll try to get more information to you at a later date. My date for leaving [Malawi] will probably in the early part of June. This is why I decided to make the trip in December. I do regret that I won't be able to travel with the group in June because of my commitments. As ever, Mabel:

George Psychas. Hi Ed, Just a note to say Hello! I have no earth-shattering news to report. An update: Elizabeth and I were TEA 62-64 and TEEA 66-68. I have been back to EA several times. Last January, my son, Dr. Paul Psychas, his wife and four children, went to Moshi, Tanzania, and booked a safari with Hoshit Shaw, a local Asian friend from the old days. He is very reliable and honest. He would be very fair and take care of TEAers. Paul is chief medical officer, Peace Corps, West Africa. I am still in touch with John Manuell, British TEA, who now lives in Kent, England. I still teach geography and run the International Education Program at Westfield State College. I am, however, supposed to be retired. In June I am taking a trip to Tibet and then taking the trans-Mongolian train to St. Petersburg. Best wishes to all and Happy New Year!

Mark and Joan Helbling (TEA '64-66). Dear Ed: for what it's worth: I have an article coming out Fall, 2005 in Prospects "Alain Locke: Personality and the Problematics of Pragmatism in the Construction of Race." Also, I will be teaching in Paris this Spring (January - May), and afterwards (or perhaps spring break) Joan and I plan to fly down to Tanzania and visit our long ago posting, Tanga. Any thoughts?

Lee Smith. Nothing to report. I find I have to work to keep up my retirement lifestyle and will possibly go to Cairo in March and Yaounde in April. Cheers, Lee

Reed F. Stewart.
Dear Friends and Colleagues: Inspired by TEAA newsletter 10-1/2 or 11, as the case may be, and by my pressing need to reduce the load on my bookshelves and floors, I ask for suggestions as to the best winnowing and shipment processes to get useful books on a variety of subjects to East Africa, with a bias toward Kenya. My fields are geography and anthropology, with language geography and history as strong sub-divisions.

I once again joined a team of advisors to a half-dozen college students hoping to study, independently, in any of 15 countries of their own choice, about topics of their own choice, for three months; earning a semester's credit as seniors. My TEEA background, as well as previous Liberia teaching experience, gives credence to my cultural and research guidance. The program is InterFuture and is currently headquartered at Suffolk University in Boston. There were 7 scholars this year.

The TEAA newsletter is very welcome. A possible historical correction to the account by Jim Gilson: I think that the organizing principal of the International School in Nairobi was my late wife, Gail, in 1967 and 1968.

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E. Hollis Merritt, from Judy Merritt. Hollis, who was TEA 2C and taught in Moshi and Arusha, died July 23, 2004. He fell in love with East Africa and got his Ph.D in African History, writing his dissertation on "The History of the Wataita of Kenya." He spent his life developing international education programs in countries that wanted and needed particular higher education programs but could not provide them without sister relationships with US universities.

We retired and returned to his home in Asheboro, North Carolina in 2002. I love our home and 6 acres at the edge of the Uhwarrie Forest and plan to continue living here.

For your reference, I was also TEA 2C and taught in the Taita Hills and in Arusha. We were married after the first year of teaching, hence the Arusha location for both of us.

Ray and Marge Bassett. Ray on June 1, 1004 at age 95; Marge on July 23, 2003 at age 93. Information supplied by their longtime friends, Billie and Gordon Herron. Ray and Marge joined TEEA2 in 1965 after retirement. In April 1991, Marge wrote, "Most of the people who went out did so partly into their careers. We went after finishing our teaching time so we were much older than other folks. Hence we still are." This quote was in a note explaining why they would not be attending the DC01 reunion. The Bassetts celebrated their 65th wedding anniversary in 2002. [Click here for photo.]

The Bassetts taught at several schools in Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana, and Alaska before joining TEEA in 1965. They did two tours at Kenyatta College. After returning to the US, they continued to support the educations of some of their students and, later, the children of their students. Their last tuition assistance payment of $5000 was made just a few years ago.

Several years ago Marge approached neighbors from the 1960s, Billie and Gordon Herron, to ask if they, the Bassetts, could move in with them. The Herrons remodeled their home, creating an apartment, and the Bassetts lived with them for the last few years.

Billie Herron notes that the Bassetts loved their time in Kenya . They enjoyed getting the newsletter and correspondence from former colleagues and students, and Marge kept files of all these items [including the above-mentioned photo of their 65th anniversary -ed].

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Contact Info for the
Friends of Kenya, FOT, and FOU Organizations:
Cohorts for helping East Africa.
Friends of Kenya,president: Roland Johnson,,,

Friends of Uganda, president: Doane Perry,,

Friends of Tanzania, president: Candy Warner,,,,, http://www.FOTANZANIA.ORG. Our own Frank Ballance is on the board, too.

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Directory Update
New Entry

Rosalie Osborne, P.O. Box 15052, Langala 00509, Nairobi, KENYA, Tel: 891178,, Murray HS, Mwatate K (3B-UK)

Changes to Existing Entries

Don and Evelyn Avery. New email:

Patricia Basudev. New address and phone: 818 Bitterbrush Ln, Fort Collins, CO 80526-3522, 970-226-3551

Betty (Elizabeth Bowe) Castor. New email:

Henry J. (Hank) Hector. New email:

Charles H. (Chuck) (and Grace) Irby. Additional email:

Sleiman (and Nadia) Kysia. New email:

James and Joan Landewe. New email:

Dennis B Lebakken. New address and phone: 1222 Westfarm Ln, Buffalo, MN 55313-1048, 763-682-2692

Clive Mann. New email:

Daniel B. (and Mehrun) McNickle. New data: 640 E. Pioneer Loop, La Center, WA 98629, 360-263-8709,

Judy (Gibson) Merritt. New data: 2689 High Pine Church Road, Asheboro, NC 27205, 336-381-0257

Timothy (Tim) (and Leslie) Nulty. New email:

Diana (Graham) Nyangira. New address and phone: 1656-A Dover Ct., Wheaton, IL 60187; (630) 407-0829

Philip A. (Phil) (and Carla) Stough. New email:

Harry Stein. New email:

Norman Wiley. New address: 23939 Broken Bit Rd, Sonora, CA 95370


Ray and Marjorie (Marge) Bassett. Kenyatta College, Nairobi K (TEEA2 - both Ray and Marge)

E. Hollis Merritt (July 2004). Umbwe SS, near Moshi, and Arusha SS, Arusha T '63-'65 (2C). Hollis's wife, Judy (Gibson) Merritt, also 2C, can be reached at 2689 High Pine Church Road, Asheboro, NC 27205, 336-381-0257, or


Mont Forman, In 02, ran a bookshop in Kampala: Alphamat Bookworld, P. O. Box 24592, Kampala, Uganda. Tel: 256-77-428912,, Teso College Aloet, Soroti U (3A) '63-'71, and Makerere College School, Kampala U ('72-'73) (email address no longer functions-Jan 04)

Maurice Reeve,, Ntare SS, Mbarara U, then Uganda Inspectorate to '74 (1B) (email no longer valid: lost 8-04)