Dar-05: An Itinerant TEAA Conference
about - and at - Tanzanian Secondary Schools

by Brooks Goddard,
Chair of TEAA's Steering Committee
Dar-05 was a smashing success. Everything worked to schedule. We had the cooperation of the Faculty of Education at the University of Dar es Salaam and the Tanzanian Ministry of Education and Culture. President Mkapa gave a brilliant conference keynote speech, summarized below. Education Minister Mungai was gracious in his remarks closing the conference.

[That's the president in the center of the picture, flanked by the minister and Brooks. Tanzanian officials, University faculty and administrators, and TEAA participants round out the picture. -webmaster]

Both at the opening 2-day conference and in our several days of school visits, we sought to learn about secondary education in today's Tanzania and to find schools particularly worthy of support. In pursuit of this goal we visited about 22 secondary schools and 2 teacher training colleges in 9 towns and cities. There is clear need for us in Tanzania, and we feel compelled to serve some needs there. Dar-05 proved equally as did Kampala-03 that to go 'back' is a great tonic.

The conference - at University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM) on July 11-12 - brought out much information, and our hosts were gracious and accommodating. President Mkapa was the catalyst for this event because his appearance energized both the university and ministry. Many have wondered how we managed to get the president to come. The reason is Frank Ballance, and his long-ago friendship with fellow Makerere-mate, Benjamin Mkapa. The president's acceptance of Frank's invitation dramatically increased attendance and excitement.

For three days after the conference, we dispersed - as individuals or in small groups, by bus and by plane, to places near and far - to visit schools. Several of us went to schools where we had taught decades earlier and were received with open arms and gifts.

On July 16th fifteen of us boarded the Walimu Bus, bound for further school visits. We stopped first at Lushoto for a brief rest in mountain coolness, taking time for a 6-kilometer walk to a rift lookout. The 17th and 18th found us in Moshi, and the next 2 days in Arusha. We gathered for a farewell dinner on July 20, feeling that our collective experience warrants doing something substantial on behalf of Tanzanian education.

President Mkapa
at Dar05, July 11, 2005

Source: Guardian, via IPPMedia, July 12.
President Benjamin Mkapa said yesterday that good governance could be achieved in Africa if the youth received quality education.

He said without education all efforts at human and economic development would be doomed to fail.

The President made the remarks at the Reunion Conference of the Teachers for East Africa Alumni in Dar es Salaam.
He said, "Leadership and learning are indispensable to each other." He added that the development of a nation depended on the education of the youth.

"If you want good governance in Africa, give the youth education," he said. He said education is a basic right the youth are entitled to.
Secondary Education
Tanzania needs to invest more in secondary education, teacher training by lowering fees and improving quality, he observed.

He said since independence, Tanzania had achieved tremendous success through free education.

He noted, however, that the success achieved in primary education had created a new problem in the form of low transition rate to secondary school.

President Mkapa said that, last year a total of 512,000 pupils completed primary education and that by 2008 about 1.4 million pupils will have completed primary school.

"The pressure for a place in secondary schools will be enormous. The situation is bad as it is and it will get worse if we do not invest in expanding secondary education now," he said.

The number of secondary schools have increased from 10 at independence to 1,745 today, out of which 69 per cent are government-owned, he said.
TEAA, the Past and the Future
The Teachers for East Africa Alumni is made up of teachers from the US, the UK and Sweden, who taught in secondary schools soon after independence.

President Mkapa said that, although it is long since most of the teachers left the country, the impact of the services they rendered during their stay is still felt today.

He said Tanzania had established Secondary Education Development Programme (SEDP) with the aim of ensuring that by 2010, half of 14-17 years old would be enrolled in "O" level education and those who pass get a place in "A" level classes.

The plan also aims at increasing enrolment fourfold from 433,000 in 2004 to two million in 2010.

President Mkapa paid tribute to the contribution made by Peace Corps in the country's education sector.

"We will never forget the support of the US government at the time of President Kennedy in education," he said.

Minister for Science, Technology and Higher Education Dr Pius Ngwandu said since 1961 a lot had been achieved in education.

Dr Ngwandu said that policies and guidelines had been established to improve the quality of education offered in local schools and other institutions of higher learning.

TEAA president Brooks Goddard said his association was established in 1961 and that although some of them had grown old, they still held strong views on education as a means of social development.

Goddard said 18 former teachers who taught in Bukoba, Morogoro, Iringa, Mpwawa, Mwanza and Dar es Salaam had come to discuss secondary education in the country with university lectures and secondary school teachers.

Dar-05 Itinerary

July 11-12 Mon-Tues Secondary Education conference in Dar es Salaam
July 13-15 Wed-Fri School visits throughout Tanzania. Discussions.
July 16-17 Sat-Sun Bus to Moshi via Lushoto
July 18 Mon Visit Moshi schools and Marangu TTC
July 19 Tues Bus to Arusha
July 20 Wed Visit Arusha schools. Discuss next steps.